Archive for September 5th, 2006

I found this article while surfing for something related to India’s history on google. I found it intersting, so sharing it.


“Jana Gana Mana” – Just a thought for the National Anthem!
How well do you know about it?

Many of us always wondered who is the ” adhinayak” and “bharat bhagya vidhata”, whose praise we are singing. I thought might be Motherland India !
Did you know the following about our national anthem??? I didn’t.

India ‘s national anthem, Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka, was written by Rabindranath Tagore in honour of King George V and the Queen of England when they visited India in 1919.
To honour their visit Pandit Motilal Nehru had the five stanzas included , which are in praise of the King and Queen. (And most of us think it is in the praise of our great motherland!!!)
In the original Bengali verses only those provinces that were under British rule, i.e. Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat , Maratha etc.were mentioned. None of the

princely states were recognized which are integral parts of India now Kashmir, Rajasthan, Andhra, Mysore or Kerala.
Neither the Indian Ocean nor the Arabian Sea was included, since they were directly under Portuguese rule at that time. The Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka implies that King George V is the lord of the masses and Bharata Bhagya Vidhata is “the bestower of good fortune”.

Following is a translation of the 5 stanzas that glorify the King:

1st stanza: (Indian) People wake up remembering your good name and ask for your blessings and they sing your glories. (Tava shubha name jaage; tava shubha aashish maage, gaaye tava jaya gaatha)

2nd: Around your throne people of all religions come and give their love and anxiously wait to hear your kind words.

3r: Praise to the King for being the charioteer, for leading the ancient travelers beyond misery.

4th: Drowned in the deep ignorance and suffering, poverty-stricken, unconscious country? Waiting for the wink of your eye and your mother’s (the Queen’s) true protection.

5th: In your compassionate plans, the sleeping Bharat (India) will wake up. We bow down to your feet O’ Queen, and glory to Rajeshwara (the King)

This whole poem does not indicate any love for the Motherland but depicts a bleak picture. When you sing Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka, whom are you glorifying?

Certainly not the Motherland. Is it God? The poem does not indicate that.It is time now to understand the original purpose and the implication of this, rather than blindly sing as has been done the past fifty years.

Nehru chose the present national anthem as opposed to Vande Mataram because he thought that it would be easier for the band to play!!!!!!!!
It was an absurd reason but Today for that matter bands have advanced and they can very well play any music. So they can as well play Vande Mataram, which is a far better composition in praise of our Dear Motherland – India .

Wake up, it’s high time! I dont know if we shud disrespet this POEM or not but I guess Vande Mataram shud be our National Anthem.
Guys I am ashamed I was singing glory of the killers of legends of Revolution and that too loudly and standstill coz I never knew this (another) blunder of Nehru.

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Hi and welcome to Gagan’s first web blog. I have been a active reader of various blogs for 2-3 years and thought it was time I started something of my own just to share my views, thoughts and things that interest me with friends and family. I will have a photo gallery of the images that I find interesting. Please check this site on a regular basis.



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